So what’s the Arowana fish? This fish dates back to the classic Jurassic age which makes this particular species still oldest living. While Arowana fish is endangered, the careful breeders are really helping the fish make a comeback and that’s a great news for the Arowana fish lovers.
In most cases, Arowana fish grows from 24 to 36 inches and in some cases, some species of this fish can get as long as four feet. Most of the owners and breeders has reported a common fact that with the growth, they can become really feisty. The best part of breeding Arowana fish is that you can train these fishes to eat right of your hand.
Arowana are meat eaters and given an opportunity, they can eat a lot. Even though they are known as carnivores, the fish have been known to eat almost anything they are fed. Small shrimps, worms and even some small fishes are the perfect appetite for the young Arowana. When they grow older, their favorite appetite become other fish.
When you are planning rise the Arowana, you should maintain a proper routine and maintaining a routine is not a difficult task at all. You should feed the small fish 3 times a day, the medium fish should be fed twice a day and once a day for the large sized fish. In some cases, you can feed the large fish in every couple of days.
It is always important to feed your Arowana with the prime quality of foods to ensure the best diet possible. All you need to ensure is a long and healthy life for the Arowana and good quality foods are the inevitable factor to ensure it. Because this particular fish consume a lot of foods, it does result in a waste building up in the aquarium.
The pile of waste could be seriously dangerous to the health of the Arowana fish and that’s the reason why you must keep the water clean. Now you might be wondering to know the procedure of cleaning the water. You should change the third of the water once in a week and something that is even better is to change the 20% of the water twice a week.
Bad water condition of the water could put a damper on the life of your fish and that’s why you should stay always educated about the fish’s health. Most of the Arowana fish breeders have reported the fact that these fish are not the friendly type because they are very feisty.
These fish love to jump a lot and when it comes to raising Arowana fish in the aquarium, it’s really important to maintain a good heavy lid on your aquarium so that they won’t be able to jump out of the aquarium. In many cases these fishes have been known live up to 20 years or older. If you do everything in a right manner, you could have a pet you enjoy for a long span of time.
Arowanas are majestic kind. Once you see a full grown specimen, no way you are going to forget how great it looks and how you feel when you look at it. In an aquarium trade, Arowana fish are considered to be one of the most flamboyant fish. But what really makes them expensive is their sheer beauty.
In addition, this particular fish are known to bring luck and fortune to the keepers, if they are kept healthy and happy. In the modern Arowana trade, these fish are not wild caught as they are considered as the endangered species. The fish that are sold in the market are often done with the certificate and they are also sold with the microchip to show that it wasn’t caught in the wild.
If you really want to rise the fish properly, you need to do some good amount of researches. They demand clean and healthy water and with a proper care, these fish can grow really long and live for a long span of time.
Silver Arowana Fish
Silver Arowana, commonly known as the Dragon fish is a perfect example of tropical fresh water fish of the Osteoglossidae family.
It is a very popular tank fish which is often kept in zoos, public and amateur tanks around the world. This fish is native to South America river basins- such as the Amazon river, Rupununi, Orinoco and Essequibo river. This fish inhabit in backwaters and inshore zones of rivers and lakes with the ideal water temperature about +24…+30°C.
Always remember one thing that this fish doesn’t breed in captivity. Most of the South Asian countries use hormones or steroids to breed this particular species of fish. This fish breed at the beginning of a flood. The female Arowana fish breed small number of eggs which is carried by the male fish in its mouth.
According to the keen observation in captivity, Arowana male fish incubates the eggs for 40 days. The eggs are large, red-orange and drop shaped with the amount of nutritional substances. Arowana juveniles hatch being 3 cm large, after that they continue staying in one of their parents’ mouths and they swim out from time to time.
Their yolk sac continues to be the source of food for juveniles which are 6-7 cm long. Young arowana fish leaves its parents’ mouth 5 weeks later since the day it hatched. After the juvenile’s yolk sac comes to an end, they start eating the feed you give them.
Now it’s time to know about the different Arowana types and breeds:
It is metallic silver in color and they are mainly found in Amazon and Amazon basin in South America. This particular type long thin flattish body with fins top and bottom leading back to a small dorsal fin. The edge of the dorsal fins may have bueish color. This particular breed of Arowana is known to have the most relaxed temperament and they can perfectly adjust with the communal tank.
This particular breed is mainly found in Indonesia’s Kalimata province. The average length of this fish is 60cm but in some cases they can grow up to 90cm. Famous for its red scale coloration, this fish comes with two types of red colors- blood red and chilly red. It is the best breeder of all kinds and they are really well known for very powerful attack when it comes to chasing a bait. The Asian red Arowana is one of the most sought after breeds.
This Arowana is commonly found in Thailand, Vietnam, and Myanmar water. It grows between 60cm to 70 cm in length. It is very common in South East Asia because it comes with a reasonable price range. This fish has a small circular shaped head and the body is long and wide. It has silvery color of grills at the side of the head.
It is found in fresh water bodies of Northern Asia. They usually grow to between 60cm to 70 cm in length. The most common pattern of this Australian Arowana is its long slender body with the red spotted pattern. This fish also has an aggressive nature and it should be kept in tank on its own. It has fully carnivorous diet so you can feed it fed shrimps, small fish and small frogs.
Crossback Golden Arowana
It is mainly found in Malaysia, Sumatra and Indonesia. It can grow up to 60 cm in length. This fish at the adult stage gives off a bright golden shine from its scales and this attracts many collectors worldwide. When the golden arowana is young it can look a yellow greeny color but as it gets more mature the scales take on its golden look. This arowana is also highly collectible.
Arowana Fish Caring Tips:
First and the most crucial thing you need to consider is the habitat of the fish. Remember that a full grown Arowana fish may measure up to two or two and half feet of length. Never breed this fish in small container as this could be torturous for your fish.
As with the very less amount of space that this fish needs for swimming this fish can become static. You need to place the decorations and the plants in a proper manner so that you can save enough space for the fish. If you want to keep some vegetation in the aquarium, keeping them at the corners would be a nice idea.
These fish tend to eat the insects of any small creatures that float on the surface of the water. These fish jump very frequently so you must cover the lid of the aquarium all time. Always keep the temperature of the water and PH level in a right balance as it is really important for the health of the fish.
You can easily find automatic gadgets in the market that do the job on behalf of you. Always remember one thing that at the early stage all the Arowanas are silvery but with the time as they grow, they develop some pigmentation in their scales that will bring the original shade to life. The appearance of the true color of these fish might take some time so patience is definitely a virtue here.
Important Arowana Fish Care Tips That You Must Know-
If you want to keep a pet which is graceful, extremely relaxing to watch and can keep the environment totally alive, the Arowana fish could be the ideal pet for you. Apart from their captivating look, most of the people prefer to keep Arowana in their Aquarium or fish tank because of their highly good luck charm according to the Feng Shui. Since this fish grow longer than other types of fish, they have more active eating habit. You must ensure that you are feeding them with good quality of food to keep them healthy.
When it comes to taking proper care of your Arowana, you should definitely consider the artificial environment of the Arowana. The tank or the Aquarium should be kept in a manner so that it can perfectly suit the breed. You should design the tank in a manner similar to its natural habitat. Because Arowanas are sensitive, there’s a tendency that they won’t survive if you don’t put the proper effort to make them live in a place similar to the natural environment.
The size of the tank should be big enough so that the fish can swim comfortably. Since these fish are bigger in size than other types of fish, the size of the tank should be big enough so that it can accommodate them well. Make sure you cover the tank with a secured and a tight cover. This will reduce the possibility of your arowana to jump out of the tank especially when it feels bored or excited. Such will guarantee the safety of your arowana all the time.
Foods To Feed An Arowana Fish
Arowana fish like all the species of fish or animals so it is really important to maintain a balanced diet for these fish. Now this post tells you about the right foods for raising Arowana fish. No matter what type of Arowana fish you are breeding, be it Red Arowana fish or Golden Arowana fish, you should feed them a wide range of foods as they cannot get all the crucial nutrients from a single source of foods.
A lot of people ask if they can feed live foods to their Arowana fish. You should never feed your fish a bug or insect that you have caught in your garden. The fish could fall sick after eating live foods from the garden and instead of that you should get the foods from a reliable dealer.
Healthy and popular foods that you should feed to your Arowana fish
This is a very good and nutritious foods for your Arowana fish and they don’t transmit any sort of diseases. Just make sure one thing that the crickets that you are feeding to your Arowana fish should come with the right size. You can find the correct size of crickets in any good fish or pet store.
These are also a great food item for your Arowana fish but most of the times, you can find this food in a frozen condition in the pet stores. In Asian countries, Centipedes are used to brighten up the color of the fish.
Any fish that are not poisonous and can fit in Arowana’s mouth can be used as the foods. When you are using live fish as Arowana’s foods, you should make sure that you are getting it from a reliable store. Most popular feeder fish are gold, meadow, baby koi, baby catfish and small chidlid are used as bait.
It is highly nutritious food item for the Arowana fish but they are bit pricey. You can use it time to time to mix up the diet a bit. Krill can also be found in local per or fish store.
It is also a nutritious food for your Arowana fish. If your fish accept dead mealworms then you should drown the mealworms first and remove the heads of the dead mealworms. Now you might be wondering to know the reason behind it. Well, it’s simple that it can help Arowana to digest them better.
This is a very nutritious foods for the Arowana and come with a very minimal risk of disease transmission. It is always better to feed the earthworms with the nutritious foods to clear all the harmful parts from within.
There are lots of brands of Arowana pellet foods on the market and they come with the different degrees of nutritional values. You need to pick the one that you really prefer and mix it up with other food items.
No wonder one of the great source of pure nutrients for the Arowana fish and they are commonly found in Asia. Frogs are really popular for bringing out the color of Arowana fish. Just make sure that the frog is not poisonous and you should buy it from a reputed store.
Best Care Tips To Bring The True Color Of Arowana Fish
If you browse the internet and search for the best foods and practices to bring the perfect color of your fish, you will find different answers provided by different experts or breeders. When it comes to enhancing the color of your Arowana fish, the feeding practice plays a significant role. There are two classifications of the foods for Arowana and these classifications are the live foods and non-living foods.
Live foods are the most nutritious ones and they are composed of live animals and insects. Examples are small frogs, centipedes, crickets, shrimps, worms, fishes or even roaches. Non-live foods are also mainly composed of animals and insects but are frozen, palletized, dried or granulated.
Every food we give to Arowana’s give proper sustenance to the bodies and enhances the colors. Some of the professional breeders suggest giving palatalized vitamins can actually help to enhance the natural color while others recommend centipede as a living foods that can help to sustain the natural color. There are some instances where the color of the fish still fade after giving nutritious foods also and it happens due to carelessness of the owners. Giving live foods sometimes introduce parasites to the tank and that could be the harmful factor for the fish.
Arowana Fish Tank
Now, you should know how to choose a perfect Arowana fish tank. When it comes to making an investment on Arowana fish tank, it is quite an obvious fact that you don’t want to investment for your prized fish to go in vein. The first thing you must consider is the durability of the fish tank.
Unlike the other fishes in normal glass aquarium, this type of fish needs a sturdy home. Arowana aquarium are simply called as Tank. The overall size of the tank is definitely bigger than the regular ones that people use for keeping the regular fish like Gold fish. You need a material that can withstand more than your regular glass material.
Fiberglass and steel are the most common materials for Arowana tanks. These materials come with the more durability than the usual glass aquarium. Another important factor that you should consider is to choose a tank that comes with an aesthetic value. This fish is commonly breed and grown for its aesthetic value.
Time To Know About The Simple Tips When You Are Setting Up An Arowana Tank:
Keeping Arowana are not as hard as most of the people think. The most important to thing that you need to consider when you want to keep this type of fish is to build the initial set up. If you can build it in a right manner, you will have less problems later.
Here this article tells you about some crucial tips to build a perfect Arowana fish tank. You should know how to avoid the initial set up problems:
- The Arowana baby fish grow too quickly and it can easily reach up to the length of 3-4 ft long. You need a bigger tank than the average one when it comes to building the Arowana fish tank. There’s no point of going through the entire process that takes at least 8 to 10 months. An ideal size of initial set up is 180cm*15cm*60cm or bigger than that. It helps you to eliminate most of the hassles down the line.
- Before filling your tank with water, make sure you have fixed the perfect location of your water tank. The Arowana fish tank becomes quite heavy. Another thing you need to ensure that the support bench or table of your lifting tank must be strong enough to support the wight of the fish tank.
- Once the position of your tank is fixed, you need to set up a tank for proper circulation. There are two types of pumps that you can use when it comes to raising red or golden Arowana fish. These two types of tanks are – the first one is the internal submersible tank and the second one is the external pump. Most of the people prefer to external pumps for few vital reasons-
The external tank looks really aesthetic.
Internal pump takes a considerable amount of room of your tank.
For a better quality of circulation, you can use internal submersible water tank with the external tank. Submersible pumps always come with the cheaper price but because you are inserting the whole pump into the tank, you are compromising with the aesthetics and space but if you are not that much concerned about the style, installing a submersible pump could be a great idea.
Arowana Fish Tank Mates
Before attempting to keep any kind of tankmates with your Arowana, one of the most important factors that you must consider is whether your fish will be better off with the tankmate. Always remember one thing that every Arowana has a different temperament, and therefore they will react differently to the tankmate. If you somehow realize that the fish are not eating properly for the tankmate, you should have two in the same tank.
The Advantages Of Keeping Tank Mates:
- Provide companionship & competition for food: increases aro interest in feeding.
- Aros are most times top level swimmers, having mid- & lower- level swimmers makes for better aesthetics
- Aggression dispersal – instead of targeting one tankmate, by introducing non aro as tankmates, the aggression can be dispersed over more numbers, hence the risks of continuous attack against another aro is reduced.
- Some tankmates can help to clean the tank bottom by clearing leftover food
- Other tankmates can be effective tank and glass cleaners
Different Types Of Medications For Your Arowana Fish
There you can find a huge variety of fish medications available to the market. You should spend some time learning how to use the basic medicines. Apart from knowing the diseases of Arowana, you must learn how to treat them swiftly and slowly. There you can find three types of medications for Arowana fish- Bacterial antibiotics, anti-parasitic medications and anti-fungal medications.
- Bacterial antibiotics:
These medicines work by stopping the growth or killing off bacteria. Broad spectrum medicines are really effective against a large variety of bacteria while narrow spectrum antibiotic only affect a few. Some bacterial medicines kills the beneficial bacteria in your tank also. Pay a serious attention to the water quality during the treatment with the medications. In order to preserve the tank’s water quality in the best manner, you should use the bacterial antibiotics in a quarantine setting.
- Anti-parasitic medications:
These medications are designed to only kill the parasites that can infect the Arowanas. There are three types of parasites: single-celled protozoa, worms, and crustaceans. The latter two are often visible to the naked eye, and the protozoa “ich” can also usually be spotted. In other instances, magnification may help with parasite identification. Some parasitic medicines are effective in killing more than one parasite. If your main tank becomes infected, you should treat it for the complete elimination.
- Anti-fungal medications:
Fungal infection often attack these fish at the side of the wounds, injury and parasite infection. Injury and or parasite infection commonly initiates fungal growth. Water molds begin to feed on fish by secreting enzymes which digest tissue cells. True fungal infections are challenging to treat, and repeated or extended treatments are often necessary. Common antifungal medications: Malachite green, formalin, copper, methylene blue.
Some medications are designed to be used together and are effective at treating more than one illness. A good example is malachite green and formalin which are often sold as one treatment. Copper is another multi-purpose remedy. These medications may treat both parasitic and fungal infections. If you suspect your fish has secondary infections from parasitic wounds, try a dual purpose medication.
If you are uncertain about using two medications simultaneously, look for a quality manufacturer and contact them directly. Alternatively, you could consult with a veterinarian or professional Arowana keeper. Never simply “guess” at what medications to use in combination with each other. Fish medications are essentially chemicals and require special handling and care.
A lot of people either have or would like an Arowana for a pet but what they don’t realize is that this fish has become endangered. The fisher men and collectors don’t realize that these fish are disappearing. The total number of Arowana have become very low over the last 50 years. Asia, Australia and Amazon are the three areas where these fish are found. Luckily the owners and breeders of this fish from around the world are helping it to make a comeback.
In the wild, arowanas travel, hunt and fight in groups. The female and male arowanas work in complete unity to defend their area and family group. To defend they nip, bite, body slap and charge at whatever puts them on high alert in their own territory.
In china the arowana is known as a symbol of wealth, luck, strength and power in the feng shui circles and is commonly referred to as the golden dragon fish. In this way the Asian arowana has become expensive and highly collectible.