Oscar fish is a freshwater fish from cichlid family which found in various river in Amazonian basin in South America. Oscar tropical fish can be found not just in Amazonian basin but they can be found in waterway around Florida because they are release purposely to breed. They also has a common name which call tiger Oscar, velvet cichlid and marble cichlid.
Now the fish are famous aquarium fish that kept in U.S. The fish can grow up to 36 cm in the wild but most of the captive Oscar can grow about 28 cm. The fish can live up to 13 year with the weight of 1.6kg. Oscar do have an incredible growing ability.
You can found this fish in any pet store which they only selling them in the size of 3- 5cm. After keeping the fish at home, the fish will grow about 3 cm in 7 to 8 month with a proper feeding and care. The growth rate of the fish will slowly increase in 9 month. The fish will reach 25cm in 12 month. The fish will reach it maximum size in 3 year times.
Housing them with care is important which you need to maintain the water temperature in between 23- 27°C. It is important to install a water heater in the aquarium to maintain the water temperature. Housing them at least a 50 gallon size of aquarium because the fish grow rapidly and it is recommended to house the fish in bigger aquarium. A good filtration system are require because the eating habit of the fish are quite messy and also the behavior of the fish.
The Variety Of The Fish
Here are the variety of the Oscar fish which you need to pay attention.
Tiger Oscar – This variety are the most common Oscar fish which resemble the wild Oscar.
Albino Oscar – The body of the fish does not appear any color which you can differentiate the variety of the fish
Red Lutino Oscar – The body of the fish come with red and white which most of the aquarist refer the fish as albino Oscar
Albino Tiger Oscar – This is a combination of Lutino Oscar and the tiger Oscar which you can found the body pigment coloration on the body of the fish.
Red Oscar – The fish displaying it red coloration on it body.
Veil tail Oscar – The fish come with long fin which displaying it beautiful flowing fin. The fin can be easily damage which you need extra care to take care of the fish.
Wild Oscar– This is a wild variety from the river in South America.
Fun Facts About Oscar Fish
The Oscar fish are one of the cichlid family which they are intelligence fish. The fish have the ability of knowing what is happening outside the aquarium. The fish will show sign of excitement with swimming back and forth in the aquarium to get attention if there is a present of owner who walk in the room.
The fish also have a nickname as “river” and “water” dog because they behave like an excitable dog. The Oscar fish can get to know their own owner by eating the hand of the person. The Oscar fish are also closely related to Piranhas breed.
Oscar fish will give attention towards floating object on the aquarium. The fish will investigate the object and knocking the object which are fun to watch. Many aquarist claim the fish can train to play by placing a ping pong ball in the aquarium and the fish will start knocking the ping pong ball.
Oscar fish are different compare with other freshwater fish which they don’t pay attention on unknown object in the aquarium.
Oscar fish Food
Oscar fish are carnivorous fish which they can feed with large variety of food. There are a lot of variety fish food to feed which give us a headache of choosing. The fish are feed with insect and crustaceans in the wild which there high probability causing parasite infection, fatty liver and obesity. Keeping them in the aquarium, the best food to feed the Oscar fish are brine shrimp, blood worm, mussels and small fish.
General Cichlid pellets are recommended to feed the fish. You can feed them with wafers, flakes, crisps which the pellets are smaller than the mouth of the fish. Feeding them with flakes and crisps are easy but do pay extra attention because the fish tend to chew and leave small particles food behind. This can lead to unclean water and encourage growth of algae in the aquarium.
As I mention, the fish can consume large variety of food which you can feed the fish with fruit and nuts. Some aquarist feed the fish with vegetable and peas which works well with them especially Marble Cichlid. The peas will helps to enhance the coloration of the fish which makes the color of the fish brighter.
Beside of pea, You can use Omega One Super Color Cichlid Pellets to enhance the color of the fish. Therefore, always keep in mind that Oscar fish are predator fish which always put meaty food as priority.
After reading the post, what do you think about Oscar tropical fish? Share your opinion and leave a comment down here about this interesting fella.